Wide Grip Lat Pulldown - A Complete Guide & Form Tips
This cable-based machine exercise primary targets the latissimus dorsi. Building the lats, often known as "wings", contributes to the aesthetic X-physique by increasing the illusion of broader shoulders and a narrower waist.
In addition to hitting the lats, the wide grip lat pulldown also involves the biceps (brachii, brachialis), forearms (brachioradialis), triceps (long head), posterior/rear deltoids, rotator cuff (infraspinatus, teres major and minor), middle back (rhomboids), middle and lower trapezius, pectoralis minor, and rear neck (levator scapulae) muscles.  Unlike a wide-grip pull-up, this exercise is performed seated which eliminates the possibility of kipping or using leg momentum to complete a repetition.
MTS Nutrition CEO Marc Lobliner explains how to perform the wide grip lat pulldown.
How to Perform the Wide Grip Lat PulldownBegin by approaching the lat pulldown machine and selecting the appropriate working weight. If this is your first time performing the exercise then pick a conservative weight that you can safely lift for 8 to 12 repetitions. Even if you can perform 8 to 12 full range-of-motion of pull-ups, the working weight will typically be less than your bodyweight.
Once you've selected your working weight, while standing, take a pronated grip slightly outside of shoulder width. A pronated grip is one in which your palms are facing away from the body; you should be able to see your knuckles. Avoid taking an excessively wide grip as this will compromise the exercise's range-of-motion, minimize the involvement of assisting muscles, and put the shoulder in a vulnerable, unnatural position.
Once you've grasped the bar, slowly sit down and slide your legs underneath the thigh pads. Adjust the height of the pads so they're snug but not uncomfortably tight.
Now that you're holding on to the bar and safely secured beneath the thigh pads, slightly arch your back away from the pulldown machine. Initiate the pull by flexing your lats, retracting your shoulder blades, and pulling your elbows towards the ground. it's important to initiate and perform the movement with the lats rather than with the arms; your arms are merely levers for transferring power from your lats to the bar.
At the bottom position of the movement, the bar should be pulled to your upper chest. It doesn't have to touch your upper chest to be considered a complete rep. Shoulder mobility and arm length may limit or prevent the desired range-of-motion.
Hold the bar at the bottom position for 1 to 5 seconds to increase intensity and to recruit maximal muscle fibers in the lats. To complete the repetition, allow the bar to raise back to its original position. don't let the bar fly upwards; ensure this rise is controlled.
There is no one universally recommended rep scheme for wide grip lat pulldowns. This exercise can be performed using straight sets, drop sets, rest-pause sets, supersets, trisets, giant sets, paused reps, partial reps, forced reps, slow negatives.
As with any exercise, the two most important components are high-quality form and progression. Progression can take a variety of forms (e.g. more weight, sets, or reps, decreased rest period, improved rep quality, etc...) but strive to improve every time you walk in to the gym.
Wide Grip Lat Pulldown Form TipsThere are a number of tips and practices you can implement to improve the involvement of the appropriate muscle groups and ensure the performance of high-quality repetitions.
Strap Up - If your grip gives out before your back then don't be afraid to use straps. Wide grip lat pulldowns are a back-building and not a grip-building exercise.
The focus of this exercise should be to work the lats and appropriate supporting muscles. A popular strap option is Versa Gripps
Go Thumbless - Some people find they're able to improve lat engagement, decrease arm involvement, and pull more weight using a thumbless grip. To perform a thumbless grip wrap your thumb over the top of the bar, alongside the rest of your fingers, instead of underneath the bar.
Avoid Momentum - Control pulling and raising of the bar during each repetition. don't allow momentum to make the movement easier unless you're performing an advanced technique like forced reps. Avoid rocking back during the pulling portion of the exercise otherwise the emphasis will move off the lats and on to other back muscles.
As you become more advanced and proficient in your technique, feel free to explosive with an explosive pull to the upper chest followed by a slow raising of the bar. Regardless of which repetition tempo you choose, you should remain in-control of the weight at all times.
Pack Your Shoulders - Throughout the entire repetition keep the shoulders down and packed. While they don't have to be fully retracted at the top of the movement, they should be fully retracted when the bar is at or slightly above your upper chest. Failure to pack your shoulders will move the emphasis away from the lats and on to the arms and shoulders.
One cue to reinforce this practice is to maximize the distance between your ears and shoulders. This cue will likely lead to a slightly arched back, slightly raised upper chest, and packed shoulder blades.
Chest Up - There's no reason to pull the bar below your chest or behind-the-neck. In both instances your chest will slightly or significantly cave-in.
Pulling the bar behind your neck will shorten the range of motion in which the lats are engaged as well as places your shoulders in an uncomfortable and disadvantageous position. Pulling the bar below your chest, with the goal of maximizing the range of motion, works against you if your goal is to maximize lat engagement.
To reach this below-the-chest position, your shoulders will have to unpack and cave-in to compensate for the desired range-of-motion. This not only minimizes late engagement but also reinforces poor technique which may not be corrected for the remainder of the set or rep.
After performing a set with unpacked shoulders you may experience arm and shoulder fatigue instead of a wicked pump in the lats.