5 Best Back Exercises That Won't Strain Your Lower Back
#1 - Chest supported T-bar rowsMost gyms have some form of the chest supported T-bar row. T-bar rows are one of the best movements available for targeting thickness in the back but due to the fact that your back is near parallel to the ground it will also create excess stress on the lower back.
Instead, use a chest-supported T-bar row station to protect your lower back while still targeting the lats and traps.
#2 - Pull-upsPull-ups are one of the most fundamental back movements, and quite possibly the best bodyweight exercise period. By using various grip widths you can target back width with a wider grip or back or thickness using a closer grip.
Contrary to popular belief, pull-ups are actually a compound movement as they are engaging several different muscle groups simultaneously. Try warming up with pull-ups or even using them as a finisher to really kill your workout.
#3 - Seated rowThe seated row is one of the best back exercises. It puts the body in a horizontal plane allowing less tension on the lower back. Be sure to keep the weight at a moderate level to avoid hyperextending the back at the end of the movement.
The beauty of the seated row is the amount of variations that are available. Most gyms have attachments for wide grip, closer grip, and even single arm movements. Focus on getting the full extension and squeeze of the lats concentrating more on solid form rather than going as heavy as possible.
#4 - Lat pulldownThe lat pulldown is a machine that simulates a pull-up but allows for excess force to overload the muscle by going above and beyond the typical body weight pull-ups. Many people are commonly seen performing this movement under less than optimal circumstances and involve too much deltoid and bicep in the exercise.
To maximize the effectiveness of this movement keep the weight moderate where it can be controlled. Lean back slightly at the bottom of the exercise and mentally focus on pushing the lats down towards the glutes. This simple mental que will result in a far better contraction.
#5 - Chest supported dumbbell rowsDumbbell rows are a popular back accessory movement but can also place strain on the lower back. Try using an incline bench and sitting backwards on it facing downwards. Then bring the dumbbells up and back slightly until they come up to parallel to the ground.
Don't overload the weight and concentrate on controlling it through the entire movement.
Bonus Exercise - Rope pulldownsTo perform this exercise simply stand in a fashion similar to how you would perform a triceps rope pushdown. Keep the arms tight with the elbows curved slightly and pull back and down.
By doing this movement you should be able to feel contraction throughout the exercise. This exercise makes for a great finisher to burn out the back muscles.
Wrap UpJust because your lower back is in pain doesn't mean you can't still get an effective back workout. Concentrate on movements that place less pressure on the back until you reach full recovery.
As is the case with most injuries, focus on doing movements that work around the injury rather than avoiding it entirely. Never think about what you can't do but instead focus on what you can do to move forward. After working for several years some degree of minor injuries and tweaks are inevitable but we must do our best with the options we have available.
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