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5 Best Shoulder Exercises You Need to Try
#1 - Reverse-grip pressIf barbell and dumbbell presses have you fighting off yawns then it's time to shake it up. Sure, there's nothing coherently wrong with traditional presses they are effective, efficient and enable you to lift a ton of weight. But over time you may need something slightly different. You also may be in a position where change is not only wanted but needed.
You could be suffering from a shoulder impingement or other reasons for discomfort and pain. The shoulder press (especially when dumbbells are used) places the shoulder joint in a vulnerable externally rotated position. Over time this can place major wear and tear on said joint making this move potentially dangerous.
The reverse-grip barbell press is an excellent alternative. Since the elbows function in a more neutral position the shoulder area is relieved of external rotation stress and can move under more control. Begin with a barbell held in an underhand grip about shoulder width or slightly wider. With the bar in place as if it was at the top of a curl press the bar up with your elbows pointing relatively straight out in front of you.
As the bar is pressed up avoid the temptation to use any momentum of the legs, hips or lower back. At the top of the movement keep the bar slightly in front of your body and not directly overhead. This will prevent any shoulder joint stress. Reverse the movement under strict control.
#2 - Barbell side lateral raiseIt is said that if you want to get wide you need to hammer those medial (middle) deltoid heads and the best way to do that is to perform side laterals ad nauseam. The more those medial heads grow the wider you get right? But lateral raises can be like training biceps, it can get rather boring in no time.
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The point about from is simple: clean it up. Lighten your load, do it right and stop looking like you're in a Richard Simmons workout video. Another thing that's worth a try is the barbell side lateral raise. Grab the center of the bar of a light barbell so it is balanced in your hand.
With the bar squarely by your side raise the weight straight out to your side until it is level with your shoulder and parallel to the floor. The fact that you have to balance the bar and fight to keep it straight will have your medial deltoids working overtime. This will ultimately translate into more muscle fibers recruited.
#3 - Reverse landmine pressThe landmine apparatus is a very versatile and functional piece of equipment. Simple in design and limitless in use it can be used for myriad things when it comes to building muscle and strength. If you aren't familiar with it I would recommend acquainting yourself with it in the near future.
It is simply a 45-pound bar attached with a sleeve at one end which is a part of a base plate planted on the floor. The other end is free to travel in any direction. Think of it in the same way as you do your shoulder joint.
To execute the reverse landmine press stand facing away from the bar with the end in one hand. If you have added any weight plates to the end make sure you stand far enough forward so the plates clear your body. With a closed grip (your fingers and thumb wrapped around the bar) and your elbow pointing slightly forward, press the bar overhead.
This is a single arm exercise so complete all reps for one side before switching to the next side. Also, you will want to take a staggered stance with your feet to help stabilize yourself.
#4 - Plate/kettlebell side lateral raiseDumbbell side lateral raises are just about as exciting as curling (yawn). As stated earlier in this article very few lifters perform this exercise correctly to begin with. Loose form, incorrect weight placement and speed of movement come to mind.
One glaring faux pa is the haphazard practice of throwing the weight up with momentum. This can severely turn this exercise into more of a power movement instead of one that will actually build muscle mass. One way to circumvent this is by using unstable loads.
By using weight plates (preferably with handles cut into the plate) or kettlebells you instantly create an unstable effect. When you raise the weight, as with a side lateral motion, your deltoids have to put in extra work to help control, slow down momentum and stabilize the weight all the way through. This will place an incredibly unique tension on the muscle.
Some key points to take home: Do not swing the weight up, use a lighter load than that if you used dumbbells, and keep the plates or kettlebells under complete control throughout the entire range of motion. Shoot for higher rep sets to really nail down your form.
#5 - Wide-grip elbows out pull-downPosterior (rear) deltoid development is important for a well-balanced physique. Beyond that it's also a key player in strength and functional balance as well. Often forgotten in the world of shoulder training full of presses and side laterals, the rear delts are normally a weak point for many lifters.
With a short list of possible tools to choose from including rear facing fly machines and bent-over lateral raises it's no wonder so many simply relegate them to the back of the pack and forgetfully tack them onto the end of a shoulder training session. But there is hope. With a little creativity and focus you can find a few new tools in your shoulder training bag.
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Simply keep your entire shoulder girdle up as if you were shrugging your shoulders in the up position. Keep them there as you pull the bar down and squeeze the backs of your deltoids. Visualize a rope tied to each elbow as you pull. This will help prevent your biceps from taking over too much of the work.
You should also be pulling down in line with your eyes. Lower the weight slowly without moving your shoulder girdle. It will be a short range of motion but very effective at building mass and strength in that area.
The Unheard of Shoulder Workout
- One-arm barbell side lateral raise (alternate each side without rest) 4 x 8-12
- Reverse landmine press (alternate each side without rest) 4 x 8-12
- Reverse grip barbell press 3 x 10-12
- Kettlebell side lateral raise (optional) 3 x 10-12
- Wide-grip elbows out pull-down 3 x 10-12